John Locke (1632–1704) was among the most famous philosophers and political theorists of the 17th century. He is often regarded as the founder of a school of thought known as British Empiricism, and he made foundational contributions to modern theories of limited, liberal government. He was also influential in the areas of theology, religious toleration, and educational theory. Much of what he advocated in the realm of politics was accepted in England after the Glorious Revolution of 1688–89 and in the United States after the country’s declaration of independence in 1776.
The video below will give you a glimpse of Locke’s life and ideas:
An Essay Concerning Human Understanding
Two Treatises of Government
Some Thoughts Concerning Education
A Letter Concerning Toleration