Let’s start with the definition. Is every painting considered fine art?
The term “fine art” refers to an art form practised mainly for its aesthetic value and its beauty (“art for art’s sake”) rather than its functional value. Fine art is rooted in drawing and design-based works such as painting, printmaking, and sculpture. It is often contrasted with “applied art” and “crafts” which are both traditionally seen as utilitarian activities. Other non-design-based activities regarded as fine arts, include photography and architecture, although the latter is best understood as an applied art.
The concept of ”art for art’s sake,” originated in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, with the rise of abstract art – art that exists for its own purpose. In the early days, the difference between fine art and decorative (or functional) art was quite clear; that is, one contained purely aesthetic value and the other contained functional value. However, in the recent times, the boundary has become quite blurred.
Below are the various types of Fine Art:
History of Art by H. W. Janson
Ways of Seeing by John Berger
The Art Spirit by Robert Henri, Forbes Watson and Margery A. Ryerson